We always see science and religion on the opposite ends. But science and religion could also be friends. They may have opposite views about things, but they have the same goal. That is to enlighten the people about how life goes and how it should go.
In the article of Freeman J. Dyson, Science, Guided by Ethics, Can Lift Up the Poor, the author distinguished the green technology, which is the product of modern biology and modern biotechnology from the gray technology or technologies related with machineries and metallurgy. Dyson mentioned the advantages and disadvantages of each technology. He also discussed how each technology affected, affects, and could affect our society.
Dyson said that the dominance of gray technology is coming to an end while the green technology is pacing very fast ahead of gray technology. It is probably because people are now starting to think green, realizing the importance of our environment and natural resources (of course including human beings). However, the advances in biotechnology are raising societal, political and ethical issues just like what the gray technology does.
Through the green technology, we can now manipulate our genetic structure and simply select only the desirable genes. Because of it, we can also treat more diseases now in a lesser period of time compared before. Instead of being used positively in helping the society especially the poor, green technology could be used negatively. We cannot deny the issues about capitalism and inequalities. Green technology may just benefit again, the rich, depriving the poor of the benefits of science.As identified by Dyson, the two great evils of green technology are the use of biological weapons and the corruption of human nature by marketing genes. Dyson also said that this is more of a political rather than technical concern.
How could we maximize the benefits brought to us by green technology and avoid its dark side? “Scientific and business leaders who care about social justice should join forces with environmental and religious organizations to give political clout to ethics,” Dyson suggested.
There have to be a bridge between science and religion that would create a mutual understanding on each side. Science communicators could fill the gap between science and religion and eventually the gap between science, the government, and the general public.
Unless science and technology have is guided by ethics, the products of science would only be abused and put to waste benefitting only the few. The desire to enlighten the people and improve their quality of living could be the intersection point between science and religion.
Science and religion only have to understand each other so they could work together for the development of communities and make the most out of the innovations of science.